Editor’s Note: Today, as the world is in the transition from an industrial civilization to an ecological civilization, we need to accordingly update our knowledge and concepts on socio-economic development, following the principles of sustainable development and rethinking in an innovative and creative way, in particular from the perspectives of humanism and environmentalism. The same logic should also be adopted when searching for the New Mode of Urbanization in China at the critical period when the country is stepping into the transition from a rural society to an urban society. Compared with the traditional mode of development, the primary change might be the shift of the socio-economic development and urbanization to being people-oriented and environment-friendly, with less consumption of natural resources, low impacts on ecologic environment, more attention to people’s livelihood, and high concern about social fairness. This will imply a series of fundamental reforms on many aspects of socio-economic development and urbanization, in terms of industrial structure, physical environment, institutional organization, local governance, etc. Again, it calls for innovations and creations. For example, new and recyclable resources, such as knowledge, culture, solar energy, and so on should be explored for further industrial development, so as to make environment-friendly high-tech industry, cultural and creative industry, new service industry, etc. gradually replace the traditional manufacturing industry to play the leading role in the national economy. New driving forces, such as the citizenization of farmer-workers, the regeneration of old neighborhoods, the completion of public utilities, the restructuring of spatial layout, and so on should be strengthened for further urbanization, so as to make the New Mode of Urbanization that highlights the quality of people’s life and the health of ecology replace the traditional mode of urbanization that highlights the quantity of economic growth and relies on the deconstructive use of natural resources. Taking those into consideration, cultures should be taken as important resources for economic development in the future, while cultural and creative industries should be taken as important driving force for urbanization, with its remarkable and positive impacts on urban development.