China’s Passenger Rail Transit Network to be Formed in 2012
By the end of 2008, the total mileage of the railroad system of China reached 161,100 km with an operation mileage of 80,000 km. It is anticipated that by 2012 the operation mileage of the railway in the country will reach 110,000 km, and both the electrification rate and the multiple track rate will be above 50%. In consequence, a complete railway network will be formed in full.
At present, more than 10,000 km of railway lines for passenger transport, including inter-city railway lines, are under construction in China. In 2012, there will be nearly 13,000 km put into use, when a national passenger rail transit network based on the configuration of “four east-west lines and four north-south lines” will be set up. Meanwhile, inter-city railway systems will be established in dense urban regions, such as the Yangtze River Delta Region centering on Shanghai, Nanjing and Hangzhou, the Pearl River Delta Region centering on Guangzhou and Shenzhen, and the Bohai Bay Region centering on Beijing and Tianjin. This passenger rail transit network will cover nearly 70% of the cities with a population over 500,000 and be accessible to more than 700 million people. With a central hub in Beijing, it will allow passengers from Beijing to reach most provincial capitals of China in one to eight hours, and those from central cities like Shanghai, Zhengzhou, Wuhan, Guangzhou, Xi’an, Chengdu, and Shenyang to reach the surrounding cities in only half an hour to one hour.