National Plan for Development Priority Zones Approved
On Jun. 12, 2010, the executive meeting of the State Council of China reviewed and approved the National Plan for Development Priority Zones in principle. The plan groups state-owned land into four types of development priority zones: optimal development zones, key development zones, restricted development zones, and non-development zones to all of which the development scope, goal, priority, and principles are also clarified in the plan.
The goal of the plan is to realize a clear spatial development pattern, optimize the spatial structure, promote the space utilization efficiency, narrow the gap of basic public service, and enhance the sustainable development capacity of the country.
The plan requires that the optimal development zones should pioneer in accelerating the transition on their economic development modes, upgrade their economic growth quality and efficiency, promote their self-innovation capacity, advance their position in the global cooperation and competition, and play their role in leading the national socio-economic development.
For the key development zones, the capacity of gathering industrial elements should be strengthened and the urbanization and new industrialization process should be accelerated, so that these areas can be built into major support for coordinated regional development and growth poles for national economic development.
The development goal for the major agricultural areas such as the Northeast Plain, the Huang-Huai-Hai Plain, and the Yangtze River Basin is to protect the arable land, stabilize the grain production, guarantee the agricultural product supply, and build into demonstration areas for new socialist countryside.
In the restricted development zones that are closely related with the national or regional ecological safety, such as the ecological barrier on Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, the ecological barrier on Loess Plateau and Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, the forest belt in Northeast China, the sand prevention belt in North China, the hills area in South China, and the important water systems, efforts should be put into protecting and restoring the ecological environment, promoting the supply capacity of ecological product, and constructing national ecological function areas and demonstration areas for harmonious co-existence of human and nature.
And for the over 1300 non-development zones including national nature reserves, famous scenic areas, forest parks, geological parks, and World Cultural and Natural Heritages, the emphasis should be laid on implementing compelling protection, forbidding various development, guiding orderly population outward migration, and realizing zero emission of pollutants.