Opinions on Urban Household Garbage Treatment Released
The State Council approved the other day the Opinions on Further Enhancing the Treatment of Urban Household Garbage that was jointly submitted by the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, the Ministry of Environmental Protection, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Science and Technology, etc.
The document pointed out that some cities are facing the predicament of becoming a “garbage-surrounded city” due to accelerated urbanization, sharp increase of urban household garbage, and insufficient capacity of garbage treatment. The Opinions stipulated the guidelines, basic principles, and development objectives for the treatment of urban household garbage. By 2015, the rate of the harmless treatment of urban household garbage in the whole country should exceed 80%, and all the household garbage of municipalities directly under the Central Government, provincial capitals, and cities specifically designated in the state plan should achieve full harmless treatment. At least one model city of separate household garbage collection should be built in every province (region). The classified collection, transportation, and treatment of discarded kitchen waste should be preliminarily realized in 50% of the cities that have established districts. The proportion of the utilization of urban household garbage as useful resources should exceed 30%, and that in the municipalities directly under the Central Government, provincial capitals, and cities specifically designated in the state plan should reach 50%. A complete supervision and governance mechanism of urban household garbage treatment should be established. By 2030, the harmless treatment of urban household garbage in the whole country should be basically realized, and the separate collection and treatment of household garbage should be implemented comprehensively. The facilities and service of urban household garbage treatment should be extended to small towns and villages, and the treatment level of urban household garbage should approach the average level of developed countries.