Ecological Construction and Environmental Protection of Tibetan Plateau Strengthened
The State Council promulgated the Notification on the Promulgation of Ecolo-gical Construction and Environmental Protection Plan for Tibetan Plateau Region (2011 - 2030) recently. The planning area includes 27 regions (cities or sub-prefectures) and 179 counties (cities or districts, Xingwei) in six provinces, i.e., Tibet Autonomous Region, Qinghai Province, Sichuan Province, Yunnan Province, Gansu Province, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, where the natural resources are abundant thus making these areas become the important ecological barrier. Because of the fragile and complicated natural environment and irrational regional industrial structure, the ecological safety of Tibetan Plateau is facing severe challenges. According to the Plan, the objectives of ecological construction and environmental protection of Tibetan Plateau are divided into three phases. During the immediate term (2011 - 2015), the problems of ecological degradation and environmental pollution should be solved, the ecological environment should be further improved and the environment of parts of the region should be improved obviously; during the medium term (2016 - 2020), the existing treatment results will be maintained, the eco-treatment scope will be expanded gradually, and the enforcement of pollution control will be further strengthened, so as to achieve notable result in the construction of ecological barrier, and reach the environmental requirements of building a well-off society in an all-around way; during the long term (2021 - 2030), the natural eco-system tend to be the virtuous cycle, the urban and rural environment will become clean and beautiful, man and nature will be in harmony. The Plan groups the Tibetan Plateau region into four kinds of environmental functional areas, i.e, ecological safety protection area, urban environmental safety maintaining area, environmental safety guarantee area for agriculture and animal husbandry, and other areas.