State Council Deploys Ten Measures to Control Air Pollution
On Jun. 14, the State Council held the executive meeting to determine and deploy ten measures to control air pollution. ① Pollutant emissions should be reduced. Efforts should be made to comprehensively renovate coal-fired small boilers, to accelerate the desulfurization, denitration, and dedusting transformation process of the main industries, to control the flying dust in cities, to improve fuel quality, and to eliminate the yellow-label (i.e., heavily-polluting) vehicles within a certain timeframe. ② The newly-increased productivity of high-energy-consumption and highly-polluting industries should be strictly controlled. Efforts should be made to complete the task of eliminating the backward productivity of main industries such as iron and steel, cement, electrolytic aluminum, and plate glass, a year in advance during the period of the 12th Five-Year Plan. ③ Cleaner Production should be greatly promoted. The pollutant emissions of the main industries should be reduced by more than 30% by the end of 2017. ④ The restructuring of energy sources should be quickened and the supply of clean energy sources such as natural gas and coal methane be increased. ⑤ The restriction function of energy-saving and environment-friendly indicators should be enhanced. The projects that fail in the energy-saving and environment-friendliness assessment shall not be approved of construction, or provided with land, loan, and power and water supply. ⑥ The new energy-saving and emission-reducing mechanism that stresses both motivation and restriction should be implemented. Efforts should be made to increase the sewage charge, to provide more loan support for the control of air pollution, to enhance the international cooperation, and to greatly foster the environment-friendly and new energy industries. ⑦ Laws and standards should be formulated to propel the industrial restructuring and upgrade. Efforts should be made to formulate and modify the emission standards of the main industries, to revise the laws and regulations concerning air pollution control, to publicize the environmental information of enterprises in heavily-polluting industries, to make the air quality ranking of major cities publicly known, and to severely punish the behaviors that violate laws and regulations. ⑧ A regional joint control and prevention mechanism should be established in the Bohai Bay Area, which covers Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei Province and in the Yangtze and Pearl River Deltas. The PM2.5 control should be enhanced in densely-populated areas and major cities, and a responsibility examination system should be set up for the objectives of atmospheric environmental control in every province (city and district). ⑨ The heavily-polluted weather should be included in the emergency response management of local governments. Such measures as limiting the production and emission of heavily-polluting enterprises and restricting the number of vehicles can be taken according to the different pollution levels. ⑩ The behavioral standards of “breathing under the same sky and fighting for common interests” should be established for the whole society. Local governments should hold chief responsibilities for the air quality in the region and specify the respective responsibility of enterprises as the main bodies for pollution control, while the related departments of the State Council should coordinate and formulate the integrated actions. Efforts should be made to call for an energy-saving and green consumption pattern and lifestyle, and mobilize the public to participate in the environmental protection and supervision.