List of First Group of China’s Important Agricultural Heritage Announced
On May 21, the Ministry of Agriculture announced the list of the first group of China’s important agricultural heritage, including 19 traditional agricultural systems such as the Xuanhua traditional vineyards in Hebei Province. According to the Notice of the Ministry of Agriculture on Exploring China’s Important Agricultural Heritages issued by the Ministry of Agriculture in March 2012, China’s important agricultural heritage refers to the agricultural production system that was created by people through a long-term coordinated development with the environment and which has been inherited until today and has distinguishing features in terms of adaptability, composition, strategicness, multi-functionality, endangerment, etc.
As early as 2002, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization organized and initiated the Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS), aiming to establish a protection system for the globally important agricultural heritages and related landscape, biodiversity, knowledge, and culture.
In September 2012, the Pu’er traditional tea agrosystem of Yunnan Province and the Aohan dryland farming system of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region were selected into the GIAHS protection programs. Together with the previously selected Qingtian rice-fish culture system of Zhejiang Province, Hani rice terraces system of Yunnan Province, etc., the number of GIAHS pilot sites in China has reached 6, accounting for nearly 1/3 of the 19 sites globally and ranking first in the world.