Guidelines on the Reform of China’s Household Registration System Issued to Unify Urban-Rural Household Registration System
On Jul. 30, the State Council unveiled Guidelines on the Reform of China’s Household Registration System. It is a document guiding the upcoming reform of China’s hukou, or household registration system. As a supporting reform, the household registration system reform marks the point from which the central government’s comprehensively deepening reform begins to enter a full implementation stage.
It is reported that this reform intends not only to adjust hukou policies, but also to set up a unified household registration system in urban and rural areas, to implement the residence permit system, to improve population information management system, and so on.
The reform aims at two targets. One is to help around 100 million rural workers and other permanent residents to settle down in cities and towns, and assist them, whether they obtained urban hukou or not, to gradually access basic public services in the cities where they are living.
The other is to establish a people-oriented, scientific and efficient, standardized hukou system that can adapt to a moderately prosperous society, effectively supporting social management and public services, and safeguarding civil rights. In detail, the reform first of all is designed to unify the urban-rural household registration system and implement the residence permit system; secondly, under the condition of legal and long-term residence and employment, the household relocation registration system is to be set up in the form of a permanent residence registration; thirdly, a basic information database of the national population will be built to achieve cross-sectoral and cross-regional information integration and sharing.