National Health and Family Planning Commission Issues 2014 Report on China’s Migrant Population Development
The National Health and Family Planning Commission issued the 2014 Report on China’s Migrant Population Development in November 2014. According to the Report, by the end of 2013, the total migrant population of China was 245 million, exceeding one sixth of China’s total population. The general trend of flow direction remained the same; especially, the trend regarding migrant population concentrating in metropolises was still obvious. The eastern regions holds 90.5% of the total trans-provincial inflow population nationwide, almost the same as in 2010; the western regions hold 7.1%, reduced by 0.6 percentage points compared with 2010; the central regions hold 2.4%, increased by 0.5 percentage points compared with 2010. Meanwhile, the number of trans-provincial inflow population of different provinces underwent great changes. Shanghai and Beijing attracted more trans-provincial inflow population, showing a rising tendency; while Guangdong and Jiangsu saw a greater decline rate in the trans-provincial inflow population. The average age of working-age migrant population continued to rise, and the proportion of the children of rural migrant workers moving to cities with their parents increased. In 2013, the average age of the working-age migrant population rose to 33.7 from 33.1 in 2011, and the proportion of children ranging from 6 to 15 years old who migrated together with their parents reached 62.5% in 2013, increased by 5.2 percentage points compared with 2011.