China Announces Low-Carbon Target: 60% Reduction per Unit of GDP in 15 Years
On Jun. 30, 2015, China submitted the Action to Address Climate Change: China’s Independent Contribution to the Secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, proposing such targets as reducing carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP by 60% to 65% of the 2005 emissions by 2030. In November 2009, China announced its action target to control greenhouse gas emissions for the first time: to cut carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP by 40% to 45% from those in 2005 by 2020. In 2011, the targets which are of binding effect were included into the 12th Five-Year Plan for national economy and social development. According to the Action, the 2030 action targets also include: carbon dioxide emissions to reach the peak around 2030; proportion of non-fossil energy to the primary energy consumption of around 20%; about 4.5 billion cubic meters more forest stocks than in 2005.