State Council: Renovation of Urban Shantytowns and Urban-Rural Dilapidated Buildings
On Jun. 30, 2015, China’s State Council issued Suggestion on the Renovation of Urban Shantytowns and Urban-Rural Dilapidated Buildings and Supporting Infrastructure Construction. The Suggestion puts forward an idea to carry out a three-year plan: from 2015 to 2017, to renovate 18 million shantytown housing units including urban dilapidated buildings and residential buildings in urban villages (5.8 million units in 2015), and 10.6 million rural dilapidated houses (4.32 million houses in 2015); to make more efforts to construct supporting infrastructure, so as to equip urban infrastructure with a more complete system, reasonable layout, safe operation, and convenient services. In order to ensure the completion of this task, the Suggestion identifies the following four measures. Firstly, more attention should be paid to urban shantytown renovation, and it should be sped up to formulate an implementation scheme for urban shantytown renovation between 2015 and 2017 and to construct shantytown renovation projects, as well as to promote the monetization of shantytown renovation. Secondly, it is necessary to improve the supporting infrastructure by compiling a plan for the supporting infrastructure construction of shantytown renovation between 2015 and 2017 and to identify the supporting infrastructure construction projects in resettlement communities. Thirdly, it is advisable to push the renovation of rural dilapidated buildings by formulating an implementation scheme for rural dilapidated building renovation between 2015 and 2017, propelling the rural anti-seismic housing reconstruction, and strengthening the quality and safety supervision on rural housing construction and rural housing landscape management and guidance. The fourth is to take an innovative financing mechanism. Provinces (districts and municipalities) should develop specific management measures to promote government purchasing of shantytown renovation services; to improve a coordinated mechanism of financial investment and price compensation in the construction and operation of urban infrastructure; to actively promote franchising and other PPP (public-private-partnership) modes.