Sichuan: Newly Revised Provincial World Heritage Protection Ordinance Comes into Effect
The World Heritage Protection Ordinance of Sichuan Province (abbreviated as the Ordinance in the following part) came into effect on Mar. 1, 2016. As the first local regulation regarding world heritage protection in China, the Ordinance marks the legislation of world heritage protection and management in Sichuan Province. In the Ordinance, 42 items of provisions in 7 chapters on the application, planning, management, protection, and related legal responsibilities concerning world heritage are clearly stated, making the Ordinance highly operable. According to the Ordinance, the protection of world heritage should stick to principles of strict protection, unified management, scientific planning, and sustainable utilization, so as to ensure the authenticity and wholeness of the world heritages. The local government above the county level where the world heritage is located will be in charge of the protection and management in its jurisdiction area, the establishment of a management coordination mechanism, and the resolving of major problems in the protection and management. The department of housing and urban-rural development administration in the local government above the county level will be responsible for the protection and management of the world natural heritage and the world cultural & natural heritage; and the administrative department of culture (cultural relics) will cooperate with the housing and urban-rural development department in the work concerning the protection and management of cultural heritage in the world cultural and natural heritage. The Ordinance requires that the local government above county level where the world heritage is located should also include the protection and management into its national economic and social development plan, the land use master plan, and the urban and rural development plan. In addition, the fund for protection and management of the world heritage should be covered in its fiscal budget. And any unit and individual is not only obliged to protection, but also owns the right to stop and report behaviors damaging the world heritage.