The State Council Releases Action Plan for Preventing and Treatment of Soil Pollution
On May 28, the State Council released the Action Plan for Preventing and Treatment of Soil Pollution (shortened as the Action Plan hereinafter), which will be used as a guideline for works relating to the prevention and treatment of soil pollution in China for now and a period of time in the future.
The Action Plan clarifies ten major measures: firstly, investigations on soil pollution should be carried out to grasp the true condition of the soil’s environmental quality; secondly, related legislation concerning soil pollution prevention and treatment should be facilitated to set up a solid law and regulation standard system; thirdly, the classified management over agricultural land use should be adopted so as to guarantee the safety of the agricultural production environment; fourthly, the entrance permission administration on construction land use should be strengthened to prevent risks for human settlements; fifthly, the protection of unpolluted soil should be enhanced and the increase of newly polluted soil should be controlled strictly; sixthly, the monitoring over pollution sources should be reinforced to prevent soil pollution; seventhly, pollution treatment and restoration should be carried out to improve the regional soil’s environmental quality; eighthly, the input onto related scientific and technological researches should be increased so as to further facilitate the development of the environmental protection industry; ninthly, the government should play its dominant role in establishing a soil’s environment treatment system; tenthly, the target assessment should be stressed and the administrative accountability should be strengthened. The Action Plan also requires that by 2020, the trend of aggravated soil pollution in the country should be preliminarily contained, the general soil’s environmental quality should be kept stable, the safety of soil’s environment for both agricultural and construction land use should be basically guaranteed, and the risk for soil’s environment should be under basic control. By 2030, the soil’s environmental quality of the country should be stable and develop toward a good direction, the safety of the soil’s environment for both agricultural and construction land use should be efficiently guaranteed, and the risk for soil’s environment should be under overall control. And by the mid of this century, the soil’s environment quality should be fully improved, and the benign recycling of the ecological system should be realized.