Shanghai: Draft of Shanghai Master Plan for Publication
The Shanghai government put the draft of the Shanghai Master Plan (2016 – 2040) out for publication on Aug. 22, 2016. The plan implements the five major development concepts, i.e., “innovation, coordination, green, open, and sharing,” in a completed way and follows the fundamental requirements on urban planning and construction management that are “respecting urban development rules and strengthening five point coordination.” It combines the national strategies and the expectations of people with the practical conditions of Shanghai, and actively explores new concepts, new methods, and new mechanisms of planning, in order to guide and stimulate the sustained healthy development of the city. And the plan sticks to the principles of “being people-centered” and “opened planning,” and lays emphasis on examination by experts, cooperation across different fields, coordination between multiple participants, and involvement of the public.
The primary achievements accomplished by the draft include 8 aspects: firstly, the new goal for the development of Shanghai till 2040 is set. Following the development principle of “being people-centered,” the plan puts forward the development goal of constructing “an excellent global city, an international economic, financial, trade, shipping, and science and technology innovation center and a cultural metropolis,” which is accompanied by a sub-goal in three key fields, that is, constructing “an attractive innovation city, humanistic city, and ecological city.” Secondly, efforts should be put into exploring the innovative development pattern of “bottom line restriction, connotation development, and flexible adjustment” for megacities. Thirdly, a new spatial pattern that is open and coordinated should be established. Fourthly, a prosperous and innovative city with more vitality should be built up. Fifthly, a happy and humanistic city that is more attractive to people should be created. Sixthly, a resilient eco-city that is more sustainable should be constructed. Seventhly, a system composed of “target (index) – strategy – mechanism” should be established. Eighthly, the modernization of city governance should be promoted.