Reconstructing Social Capital to Promote Urban Redevelopment: A Case of Lianjiao Area in the Pearl River Delta Region
Yuan Qifeng, Qian Tianle, Guo Yan
Guangdong Province started the so-called “three olds redevelopment” in 2009, aiming to advance industrial upgrading. Existing literature points out that appropriate distribution of land rent differential among the stakeholders like urban governments, village collectives, and developers is the most important determinant. Employing the theory of urban regime, the paper focuses on the redevelopment process of the Lianjiao Area in the Pearl River Delta region to reveal how the three entities (government, rural community, and developers) interact. It has been found that the local urban government is the main driver which facilitates the positive accumulation of social capital through the supply of redevelopment policy and financial support. Through the reconstruction of trust of villagers and developers, the government gains the rights to coordinate the redevelopment. As the actual landholder, rural villages represent the profits of villagers in bargaining with the other two parties. The improvement in infrastructure and the formulation of detailed redevelopment plans increase the land rent differential, encouraging developers’ participation in the redevelopment. The three entities form a negotiation-based development alliance and finally lead to successful redevelopment.
Keywords urban regime; social capital; urban redevelopment; negotiation-based development alliance; rural industrialized area