Accelerating the Reform of the Household Registration System to Ensure the Realization of Registered Population Urbanization Objectives and Tasks
Zhang Gaoli, Member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and Vice Premier of the State Council, attended a teleconference on promoting the national household registration system reform and made a speech on Jul 7, 2017. Zhang said that the CPC Central Committee and the State Council attached great importance to the reform of the household registration system, so as to ensure that the urbanization rate of China’s registered population will increase to about 45 percent by 2020, and that a population of about 100 million agricultural migrants and other residential population will be urbanized. In particular, efforts should be made to highlight the core of “urbanization of the people,” and pay attention to improving the citizenization quality and effect of the migrant agricultural population.
Over the past two years, a series of major policies have been successively introduced on the reform of the household registration system. In July 2014, the State Council issued the Opinions on Further Promoting the Reform of the Household Registration System. In November 2015, the State Council promulgated the Provisional Regulations on Residence Permits. In February 2016, the State Council issued the Opinions on Deepening the Construction of New Urbanization, and in September issued a Scheme to Promote the 100 million Un-Registered Population to be Settled in Urban Areas. Today, the policy framework of China’s household registration system reform has been basically completed. A unified urban and rural household registration system has been established, and the differentiation of agricultural and non-agricultural hukou has been abolished throughout China. The difference in the identity of “urbanite” and “countryman” no longer exists. The hukou transfer policy has been further improved, and the threshold for the migrant agricultural population and other resident population to register in cities and towns has been lowered. A credit-based household registration system has been established and improved in mega cities like Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, and Shenzhen, so as to expand the registration channels for the migrant agricultural population. In 2016, the urbanization rate of the registered population nationwide reached 41.2%. Since the implementation of “three systems” of residents’ ID Card (i.e., applying for an ID Card, reporting the loss of an ID Card, and announcing the finding of a lost ID Card in other places rather than one’s hometown), more than 5 million ID Cards have been handled non-locally, and another 1.435 million people from the un-registered population became registered in 2016.