Latest Beijing City Master Plan Approved
On Sept. 13, 2017, the State Council approved the Beijing City Master Plan (2016 – 2035). The Plan clarifies the strategic orientation, development goal, scale and spatial layout of Beijing.
According to the Master Plan, the strategic orientation of Beijing is to be the national political, cultural, international interaction, and science and technology innovation center. It is emphasized that to implement the strategic orientation of the city, some things should be done but others should not, and the focus should be put on upgrading the capital functions, effectively decentralizing the non-capital functions, and coordinating the service guarantee capability, the population resources environment, and the urban layout with the city strategic orientation. It is pointed out in the Plan that to adapt to the historical progress toward realizing the “Two Centenary Goals” and the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, Beijing should be built into a first-class international harmonious and livable capital, a city with extensive and important international influence in politics, science and technology, culture, society, and ecology, and also the home for people’s happy and peaceful lives. The radiating driving effect of the capital should be given full play to facilitate coordinated development in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region and to shape a world-level city cluster with the capital as the center.
According to the Plan, the size of permanent population in Beijing will be controlled within 23 million by 2020, which will be maintained at this level for a long time afterwards. In terms of the land use scale, the Plan makes clear that the bottom line for construction land use scale should be guarded and the land use management system should be implemented rigidly. By 2020, the total area of construction land use in Beijing (including urban-rural construction land use, land use for special purpose, outward transportation land use, and land use for some water conservancy facilities) should be limited within 3,720 km2, and within 3,670 km2 by 2035. Efforts should be put toward quantity reduction and quality promotion of urban-rural construction land use and to an intensive and high-efficiency utilization of the land, specifically speaking, the urban-rural construction land use area should be cut down from present 2,921 km2 to 2,860 km2 by 2020, and further to 2,760 km2 by 2035.
What’s more, the Plan states that in order to realize the city strategic orientation, decentralize the non-capital functions, and facilitate the coordinated regional development, with full considerations to sustaining the historical layout of Beijing as an ancient capital, addressing the “large city diseases,” and achieving sustainable development, the emphasis should be laid on building up a world-level city cluster with the capital as the center, completing the urban system, and forming an urban spatial structure composed of “one core one main city and one
subsidiary, two axes multiple points and one district” within the city proper of Beijing, so as to effectively change the development existed one center mode and to establish a new urban development pattern for Beijing.