Globalization and the Evolution and Characteristics of Spatial Distribution of Transnational Organizations in Guangzhou (1949 – 2012)
Xue Desheng, Liang Jiajian, Huang Gengzhi
Transnational organizations refer to governmental and non-governmental organizations engaged in transnational behaviors, which are important carriers of political globalization. Given the wave of world city studies sweeping the academia worldwide, transnational organizations have attracted increasing attentions. Through a review of existing research, an analysis of historical archive and interviews, and the application of space syntax, this paper examines the development process and characteristics of spatial distribution of transnational organizations in Guangzhou since the founding of P. R. China. It divides the development process of transnational organizations in Guangzhou into three stages: budding period, starting period, and developing period. In this process, the number of organizations and related types increased sharply, and the business was much extended. Along with the eastward shift of the city center, the distribution center of transnational organizations consequently moved to the east, indicating their location characteristics of geographical centrality and proximity to major globalized spaces. The spatial distribution of transnational organizations shows: proximity to city center or high-level transportation center; demands for security, communication, and notability of geographical position; locations of different types of organizations owning different levels of integration value; organizations of specific functions prefer urban districts with related functions.
Keywords globalization; transnational organization; spatial distribution; space syntax; integration value; Guangzhou