Shanghai: Next Eighteen Years City Master Plan Released, Striving for an Excellent Global City
On Jan. 4, 2018 Shanghai Municipal Government officially released the Shanghai City Master Plan (2017 – 2035) (abbreviated as the Plan in the following part). It makes clear the nature of Shanghai as the central city of a world-level city cluster in the Yangtze River Delta Region, as a center for international economy, finance, trade, navigation, science and technology innovation, and as a cultural metropolis. In the future, great effort will be put into building Shanghai into an excellent global city, a more dynamic innovation city, a more attractive humanistic city, a more sustainable eco-city, as well as a socialist modernized international metropolis with world influence.
The Plan clarifies the visions of the city at three time nodes: short-term (2020), long-term (2035), and long-range (2050). The Plan points out that Shanghai needs to transfer its city development pattern, and firmly guard the 4 bottom lines for population scale, construction land use, the ecological environment, and city security. In order to ameliorate the contradiction between a rapidly growing population size and limited resources, the scale of the permanent residential population should be rigidly controlled around 25 million by 2035. In order to realize the goal of negative increase of construction land use as planned, the total amount of construction land use needs to be locked, which is controlled within 3,200 km2. The Plan requires Shanghai taking the ecological environment as its bottom line and as its red line in urban development. The urban ecological base should be anchored and the ecological land use should not decrease but increase. By 2035, the overall coverage rate of forest in Shanghai should reach 23%, with a per capita park and green land area of more than 13 m2, and the yearly density of pm 2.5 controlled around 25 mcg/m3. Moreover, the Plan stresses to promote people’s sense of acquisition and happiness, and to help people to live a more pleasant life. In the future, each new town and sub-center of the city should have at least one university, and each new town should have at least one first-class comprehensive hospital. Effort should also be put into building up a 15-minute community-life circle, in which 99% of the community public service facilities should be reached within a 15-minute walking.