CPC Central Committee and State Council Release Several Opinions Concerning Establishing National Land and Spatial Planning System and Related Implementation Supervision
On May 9, 2019, the CPC Central Committee and the State Council released Several Opinions Concerning Establishing National Land and Spatial Planning System and Related Implementation Supervision (shortened into the Opinions in the following part). National land and spatial planning is considered as a guidance for national spatial development, a spatial blueprint for sustainable development, as well as a fundamental basis for various development, protection, and construction activities. It has been a major strategic allocation by the CPC Central Committee and the State Council to establish the national land and spatial planning system and supervise over related implementation, to integrating various kinds of spatial planning such as primary functional zones planning, land use planning, urban and rural planning, etc., to realize “multi-plan integration,” and to strengthen the role of guidance and restriction of national land and spatial planning to various kinds of special planning. The Opinions requires to well formulate the top-level design of national land and spatial planning following high-quality development requirements, to fully play the role of national land and spatial planning as the foundation in the national planning system, and to provide spatial guarantee for implementation of the national development plan.
According to the Opinions, by 2020, the national land and spatial planning system should be basically set up, and the planning formulation and approval system, the implementation supervision system, the legislation and policy system, and the technical standards system for “multi-plan integration” should be gradually established; the formulation of national land and spatial master plan at various levels above city and county should be basically finished, and the “one-blueprint” for the national land and spatial development and protection in the country should be formed. By 2025, related laws and policies and the technical standards system concerning national land and spatial planning should be further improved; the national land and spatial monitor and warning and the performance evaluation mechanisms should be applied nation-wide; and the national land and spatial development and protection institution that is based on national land and spatial planning and realized through unified management should be shaped. And by 2035, the level of the national land and spatial governance system and the modernization of governance capacity should be promoted in an all-round way, and a national land and spatial pattern featured by intensive and high-efficiency production space, livable and appropriate scale of living space, beautiful ecological space, safe and harmonious, competitive, and in favor of sustainable development should be basically formed.