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CPC Central Committee and State Council Release Opinions Concerning Establishing and Improving the Institution, Mechanism, and Policy System for Urban and Rural Integrated Development
On May 6, 2019, the CPC Central Committee and State Council released the Opinions Concerning Establishing and Improving the Institution, Mechanism, and Policy System for Urban and Rural Integrated Development (shortened into the Opinions in the following part). The Opinions suggests that by 2022, a primary urban-rural integrated development mechanism should be established. An institutional channel for free flowing of urban and rural elements should be basically opened up, the restrictions on urban permanent household registration should be gradually eliminated, the unified urban and rural construction land use market should be set up, the capacity of finance serving for countryside revitalization should be apparently promoted, the framework for rural property right protection and transfer institution should be formed, the equalization level of fundamental public services should be raised at steady paces, the countryside governance system should be constantly improved, and areas including economically advanced areas, the metropolitan region, and urban suburbs should take the lead in making breakthrough in the institutional and systematic reform. By 2035, the urban and rural integrated development institution and mechanism should be more completed. After entering into the mature stage of urbanization, the gaps between either the urban and the rural development level, or the life conditions of residents should be significantly narrowed down. A population migration system in favor of orderly population flow between urban and rural areas should be established, a unified market for urban and rural construction land use should be formed to a comprehensive extent, an urban and rural generic financial service system should be formed, the equalization of fundamental public services should be basically realized, the countryside governance system should be more completed, and the agricultural and countryside modernization should be achieved. And by the mid-21st century, the institution and mechanism for urban and rural integrated development should be mature and finalized. A comprehensive integration between urban and rural area, general countryside revitalization, and the common prosperity of all people should all be realized.

What’s more, the Opinions also puts forward specific requirements in terms of how to establish and improve an institution and mechanism in favor of rational urban and rural elements allocation, how to establish and improve establish and improve the institution and mechanism in favor of generic and sharing fundamental urban and rural public services, how to establish and improve an institution and mechanism in favor of integrated urban and rural infrastructures development, how to establish and improve an institution and mechanism in favor of diversified development of rural economy, how to establish and improve an institution and mechanism in favor of continuous increase of farmer’s income, as well as related organization and guarantee work.

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