Land Coordination Analysis and Planning Strategy Suggestions in Northeast China under the Spatial Planning Transition
Guo Rong, Huang Mengshi
Facing the new era of construction of socialism with Chinese characteristics, it is critical for the northeastern region of China to hold this new chance for its overall revitalization. The foundation and key of this revitalization lie in finding out problems in the urban development and then putting forward feasible countermeasures. This paper studies 34 prefecture-level cities in northeast China, and uses the coordination index to analyze the relationship between land and population, economy, and investment, of different types of cities in the region from 2000 – 2014, in order to discover problems in its urban development and provide planning countermeasures. Data shows that in northeast China, the imbalance between urban land expansion and population is significant, the imbalance between urban land use and either economic development or capital investment is periodical, for which the primary reasons include strong centralization effect of center cities, limited input on land resources, and weak industrial competitiveness. Correspondingly, the paper proposes planning strategies in terms of vitalizing stock land, enriching land use functions, and coordinating industrial resources, with an expectation of providing both the theoretical foundation for the economic revival in the northeastern region and a guidance on practice of revitalization strategies in all cities of the region.
Keywords land coordination; urban land expansion; population shrinkage; planning strategy; northeast China